Ensemble Convolutional Neural Networks for the Detection of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense in Soil Samples
Date of Award
Master of Science in Computer Science
Information Systems & Computer Science
Patricia Angela R. Abu, PhD
The Panama disease has been reported to wipe out banana plantations due to the fungal pathogen known as Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense Tropical Race 4, or Foc TR4. Currently, there are no proven methods to control the spread of the disease. This study aims to develop an early detection model for Foc TR4 to minimize damages to infected plantations. In line with this, CNN models using the ResNet50 architecture were utilized towards the classification of the presence of Foc TR4 in a given microscopy image of a soil sample. Fungi samples were lab-cultivated and did not contain any soil or dirt. Images were taken using a lab microscope with three distinct microscopy techniques in LPO magnification. The brightfield model was the best performing individual CNN model in this study. Regardless, all three of the individual models were vital in the predictions of the ensemble models. Gradient-weighted Class Activation Mapping (Grad- CAM) was used to validate the decision processes of the individual CNN models. The ensemble model, though achieving an accuracy of 97.55% in this experiment, is not a sure method in determining the presence of Foc. The model is beneficial as a low-cost preliminary test that could be performed on areas that are suspected to be infected with the pathogen given that the exported models can easily be implemented in a mobile system.
(2021). Ensemble Convolutional Neural Networks for the Detection of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense in Soil Samples. Ateneo de Manila University.