Will it matter who I’m in school with? Differential influence of collective expectations on urban and rural US schools
Aside from a student’s personal desire to pursue higher education, a culture of high expectations in a school can have important consequences on the individual’s achievement. However, the school’s ‘collective expectation’ is affected by many contextual factors like urbanicity. Contributing to the research on urban-rural difference in education and nuancing the importance of having a culture of high expectations, this research examines how collective expectations affect student achievement differently in urban and rural schools. Using hierarchical linear models of a longitudinal sample of US high school students, the research shows how collective expectations have significant influence on short- and long-term outcomes of urban school students, but no significant ones on rural school students. It suggests the importance of shared expectations in urban schools, and how expectations – both individual and collective – can be leveraged to help students.
Jose Eos Trinidad (2019) Will it matter who I’m in school with? Differential influence of collective expectations on urban and rural US schools, International Studies in Sociology of Education, DOI: 10.1080/09620214.2019.1673791