Biopsychosocial Predictors of Drug Dependence among Filipino Drug Users in Community-Based Drug Rehabilitation

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This study examines the biopsychosocial predictors of drug use and dependence among Filipino drug users enrolled in community-based drug rehabilitation. Data from 925 clients revealed that the severity of drug use, cigarette and alcohol use, recovery skills, and mental health problems predict drug dependence. Family support, life skills, and psychological well-being are indirect predictors of severity of use. Results also revealed differences in predictors by sex, level of use, and type of clients. These findings highlight the importance of a client-centered approach to treatment and suggest what might be critical elements in a community-based drug rehabilitation program in the Philippines.