Longitudinal Trajectories of Four Domains of Parenting in Relation to Adolescent Age and Puberty in Nine Countries
Children, mothers, and fathers in 12 ethnic and regional groups in nine countries (N = 1,338 families) were interviewed annually for 8 years (Mage child = 8–16 years) to model four domains of parenting as a function of child age, puberty, or both. Latent growth curve models revealed that for boys and girls, parents decrease their warmth, behavioral control, rules/limit-setting, and knowledge solicitation in conjunction with children’s age and pubertal status as children develop from ages 8 to 16 across a range of diverse contexts, with steeper declines after age 11 or 12 in three of the four parenting domains. National, ethnic, and regional differences and similarities in the trajectories as a function of age and puberty are discussed.
Lansford, J. E., Rothenberg, W. A., Riley, J., Uribe Tirado, L. M., Yotanyamaneewong, S., Alampay, L. P., Al‐Hassan, S. M., Bacchini, D., Bornstein, M. H., Chang, L., Deater‐Deckard, K., Di Giunta, L., Dodge, K. A., Gurdal, S., Liu, Q., Long, Q., Malone, P. S., Oburu, P., Pastorelli, C., … Steinberg, L. (2021). Longitudinal trajectories of four domains of parenting in relation to adolescent age and puberty in nine countries. Child Development, 92(4), e493-e512. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13526