What Happens After School? Linking Latino Adolescents Activities and Community Violence Exposure
Although community violence and the associated deleterious behavioral and psychological consequences that follow violence exposure for youth persist as serious; ongoing public health concerns; surprisingly little research has examined precursors to adolescents' violence exposure. This longitudinal study investigates adolescents' participation in three types of activities; specifically including home-; school-; and community-based after-school activities and examines which of these activities place youth at greater risk for experiencing community violence. The sample consists of 398 Latino high school students (53% female) with a mean age of 15.5 years (SD = 1.0) and with 85% qualifying for free and reduced school lunch. Cross-sectional results demonstrated that frequency of non-structured community-based activities and part-time work were associated with higher rates of witnessing and being victimized by violence. Adolescents' endorsement of the Latino cultural value of familismo; on the other hand; was associated with lower rates of personal victimization. Longitudinal findings showed that only frequency of non-structured community-based activities was related to greater victimization and witnessing violence one year later. Our findings underscore the importance of providing structured; well supervised after-school activities for low-income youth in high-risk neighborhoods.
Ceballo, R., Cranford, J. A., Alers-Rojas, F., Jocson, R. M., & Kennedy, T. M. (2021). What happens after school? Linking Latino adolescents’ activities and exposure to community violence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 50, 2007–2020. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-021-01480-6