On Perfect Cayley Graphs

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A graph is perfect if each of its induced subgraphs H has the property that its chromatic number χ(H) equals its clique number ω(H). The Strong Perfect Graph Conjecture (SPGC) states: An undirected graph is perfect if and only if neither G nor its complement G contains, as an induced subgraph, a chordless cycle whose length is odd and at least 5. In this paper we show that SPGC holds for minimal Cayley graphs. Let G be a finite group and S a generating set for G with eS, and if sS, then s−1 ∈ S. The Cayley graph determined by the pair (G, S), and denoted by Γ(G, S), is the graph with vertex set V(Γ) consisting of the following elements: (x, y) ∈ E(Γ) if and only if x−1yS. A Cayley graph is minimal if no proper subset of its generating set also generates G.

We also give a sufficient condition for Cayley graphs derived from permutation groups to be perfect, prove that certain P2, C3 factorizations yield perfect general graphs, and identify families of perfect Cayley graphs.