# A Construction of Two-Dimensional Random Substitution Systems

## Document Type

Conference Proceeding

## Publication Date

3-7-2024

## Abstract

A two-dimensional substitution is a function that maps every letter in an alphabet to a predetermined rectangular word. It is said to be rectangular-preserving if any letter can be iterated infinitely many times via the canonical concatenation to produce larger and larger rectangular words. This type of substitution is a natural generalization of the one-dimensional deterministic substitution. In this study, we construct a random generalization of the two-dimensional rectangular-preserving substitutions. In particular, we extend the notion of rectangular-preserving to two-dimensional finite-set-valued substitution, a function where every letter is assigned a finite set of nonempty rectangular words, in order to define what we call as two-dimensional rectangular-preserving random substitutions. We give a simple necessary and sufficient condition for a two-dimensional finite-set-valued substitution to be rectangular-preserving. We also define a family of one-dimensional random substitutions such that the product of any two random substitutions in this family give rise to a two-dimensional rectangular-preserving random substitution. Finally, we discuss the associated two-dimensional subshifts to rectangular-preserving random substitutions and present some dynamical properties of the corresponding systems.

## Recommended Citation

Bryan Ceasar L. Felipe, Eden Delight P. Miro; A construction of two-dimensional random substitution systems. AIP Conf. Proc. 7 March 2024; 2895 (1): 080004. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0192196