Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-23-2021

Abstract

The zero-divisor graph of a commutative ring R with unity is the graph Γ(R) whose vertex set is the set of nonzero zero divisors of R; where two vertices are adjacent if and only if their product in R is zero. A vertex coloring c : V (G) → Bbb N of a non-trivial connected graph G is called a sigma coloring if σ(u) = σ(ν) for any pair of adjacent vertices u and v. Here; σ(χ) denotes the sum of the colors assigned to vertices adjacent to x. The sigma chromatic number of G; denoted by σ(G); is defined as the least number of colors needed to construct a sigma coloring of G. In this paper; we analyze the structure of the zero-divisor graph of rings Bbb Zn; where n = pn11 P2n2 ...Pmnm; where m,ni,n2; ...,nm are positive integers and p1,p2; ...,pm are distinct primes. The analysis is carried out by partitioning the vertex set of such zero-divisor graphs and analyzing the adjacencies; cardinality; and the degree of the vertices in each set of the partition. Using these properties; we determine the sigma chromatic number of these zero-divisor graphs.

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Mathematics Commons

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