Undressing Rizal’s Message: Clothing and Gender in Noli me tángere
This article explores Jose Rizal's Noli me tangere as a site and source of rumination on clothing's historical significance in the Philippines in the late nineteenth century. The characters in the novel represented various social types; whose clothes contribute to our knowledge of nineteenth-century men's and women's clothing and to the role clothes played in colonial power relationships; status competition among natives; and gender politics. Clothes suggested a period of ferment when colonial divides were being blurred in part by intermarriages and upward social mobility. Through clothing; the novel also showed how female body parts were sexualized and subjected to the male gaze.
Coo, S. (2020). Undressing Rizal's message: Clothing and gender in Noli me tángere. Philippine Studies: Historical and Ethnographic Viewpoints, 68(2), 211. https://ajol.ateneo.edu/pshev/articles/441/5672